Norwegian paradise for prisoners, a place where the hero of the novel «The Count of Monte Cristo» was serving his sentence, prisoners-wine — all this and more in the compilation of the most famous island-prison in the world.
1. The prison on Robben Island, South Africa
12 km from Cape Town is an island, which is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Cape Town, False Bay (top) and Table Bay to Robben Island (right), seen from space:
Text: Natalia Mayboroda, National Geographic RussiaHowever, no ancient ruins or unique buildings on Robben there, except for the dark prison of the building where the museum is now working.
The former prison is remarkable that in the years of apartheid for its bars languished numerous political prisoners, among whom was serving a 28-year term and the first black South African President Nelson Mandela (1962 to 1990).
Today, the prison has become a museum complex, which are regularly held excursions.
2. Gorgon Island, Italy
Gorgon — an island in the Mediterranean Sea, is part of the Tuscan Archipelago.
On the smallest and most northerly island of the Tuscan Archipelago are serving prison terms, which as a corrective labor involved in winemaking.
The colony grown Gorgon grape to the winery Marchesi de Frescobaldi to the 700-year history. Extraordinary «cooperation» began last year. From the first crop able to produce almost 3000 bottles.
It is noteworthy that the project is partially funded the Ministry of Justice, and after the «winemakers» will leave prison term, the company has promised to take them to his work.
3 Princes’ Islands, Turkey
Princes’ Islands — a group of nine islands off the coast of Istanbul, Turkey, in the Sea of Marmara. The archipelago consisting of 9 islands, today is a car and taken a break from the bustling Istanbul. It’s kind of a holiday village metropolis.
And during the Byzantine and later Ottoman princes and sultans family were exiled to the island of the archipelago that got its present name.
4. Isle d’If, France
A small rocky island off the coast of Marseille became popular thanks to the famous French writer Alexandre Dumas.
It is here that the guards brought the main character of the novel «The Count of Monte Cristo» Edmond Dantes to serve a multi-year term on false charges.
Camera Edmond Dantes in the Chateau d’If:
Former fort was transformed into a prison, in which the late 16th century hidden dangerous criminals. Since the closure of the prison (1890), the castle became one of the main places to visit Marcel guests.
5. Island Bastia, Norway
This country is known for its humane treatment of prisoners and provides for them comfortable conditions in prison, but the prison on the island of Basta has surpassed all expectations.
Prison Basta island from the air:
Prisoners do not live in the chambers, and in separate rooms in cozy wooden houses for six people. They can move freely within the territory, fishing and even swimming in the fjord.
Prisoners can also play tennis and relax in the sauna. As for the work: labor day prisoners lasts from 8:30 to 15:30.
6. Solovetsky Islands, Russia
Even today, to get to the Solovetsky Islands, White Sea’s largest archipelago, it is difficult, but before Solovki and all considered the edge of the world.
Even in the 15th century, the archipelago was chosen by monks, who in the 17th century were the first to use the monastery premises for the conclusion of the naughty. They took over the tradition of Soviet power, in which in the 20s of the last century, the archipelago has earned Solovki prison camp. Its inmates participated in the construction of the White Sea-Baltic Canal. Prison, created in 1937, was liquidated after 2 years. Today, the Solovetsky archipelago became a state museum-reserve.
7. Alcatraz, United States
One of the most famous places of detention of criminals is in the San Francisco Bay.
With the Spanish name of the island means «pelican». It was given to the island discoverer Juan Manuel de Ayala in 1775 because of the abundance of pelicans in this place. Throughout its history, Alcatraz was a fort, fortress, and finally a prison where he was serving a punishment of dangerous criminals.
Leave the island alive could not be any prisoner: prevent the strong current and vigilant protection. After 29 years of the prison was closed by order of the General prosecutor of the United States Robert Kennedy (brother of President John F. Kennedy) March 21, 1963.
The walls of the prison have kept not only the traces of the harsh everyday life of prisoners, but also the colorful drawings of Indians who settled in derelict buildings in 1969. On the unusual inhabitants of the prisoners and the legendary island, such as Al Capone, you can see in the museum, which is open to Alcatraz for 40 years. Read also the article » Alcatraz — the most famous prison in the world .»