If the first aircraft could barely levitate man, modern able to transport from one continent to a weight of more than a hundred tons.
The largest aircraft flying among the world.
A Soviet transport plane jet ultra-duty design bureau to them. Antonova. One of the biggest and lifting planes in the world. The aircraft was designed and built in the Soviet Union at the Kiev Mechanical Plant.
The reason for the construction of An-225 was the need to establish the air transport system for the project space shuttle » Buran «. The main purpose of the heavy transport aircraft in the framework of this project was to transport the various components of the launch vehicle and spacecraft from the place of production and assembly to the launch site. There was also an important task of the delivery of the space shuttle to the launch site in the event of a landing it on alternate airfields.
AN-225 and «Buran»:
Furthermore, it was assumed the use of AN-225 as the first stage of the system air launch of the spacecraft, which required the aircraft carrying capacity of at least 250 tons.
Single plane, a superior Ru-225 spanwise it Hughes H-4 Hercules, which belongs to the class of flying boats and raised in the air only once in 1947 year. «Mriya» an absolute record belongs to the carrying capacity — 253.8 tonnes. June 10, 2010 transported very long loads in the history of air transportation — two wind turbine blade length of 42.1 meters each. In total, the plane — the owner of about two hundred and fifty world records.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union is the only instance of a flying aircraft in 1994 stopped the flights, he had to remove the engine and other equipment for use in «Ruslan». However, by the 2000s the need for it became apparent, and it was restored forces of the Ukrainian enterprises. Currently, only one copy is in lotnom maintained and operated by the Ukrainian company Antonov Airlines, the second copy was never completed.
The biggest serial airliner in the world (the height of 24 meters, the length of 73 meters, 79 meters wingspan). Capacity — 525 passengers in three classes, 853 passengers in odnoklassovoy configuration. Can make non-stop flights at a distance of 15 400 km.
Maximum takeoff weight — 560 tons (the weight of the aircraft — 280 tons). For the development of the A380 it took about ten years. The cost of the program — around twelve billion euros. Airbus argues that the compensation for corporate costs to sell 420 planes, although according to some analysts, the number should be much higher.
Airbus began development of a very large airliner (the early stages of development called Megaliner Airbus) in the early 90s, to extend the range of its products and to deny Boeing a dominant position, which he held in this segment of the market since the 1970s, with its Boeing model 747. The first A380, serial number MSN001 and registration F-WWOW, was presented at a ceremony in Toulouse, January 18, 2005.
The main section of the airliner built in France in the factories, the UK, Germany and Spain. As of November 2018 232 A380 aircraft operated in the park 15 airlines. February 14, 2019 the Airbus announced the possible cessation of production of A380 aircraft from 2021, due to low demand
Stratolaunch Model 351
US aircraft carrier . On the start of the project was announced in December 2011. The car was presented to the public May 31, 2017.
First flight aircraft makes in April 2019 on the Mojave Desert ; flight lasted two and a half hours, the plane climbed to an altitude of more than five kilometers, the maximum speed of 304 km / h.
Stratolaunch Model 351 represents dvuhfyuzelyazhny high wing monoplane with 117.3 meters in length. Plane length — 73 meters, the maximum takeoff weight — 590 tons, weight of the outboard payload — 250 tons.
This was announced in 2005 airliner is the next generation of the famous series of the Boeing 747 with lengthened fuselage, redesigned wings and improved economic efficiency. The 747-8 is the largest commercial aircraft built in the United States, as well as the longest passenger aircraft in the world.
In the 1990s and 2000s, Boeing on several occasions considered the possibility of the production of the Boeing 747 versions with increased passenger capacity. The first flight took place on February 8, 2010.
Passenger version called the 747-8 Intercontinental (Intercontinental), or simply 747-8I began to build 8 May 2010 . The aircraft can carry up to 467 passengers in trohklassovoy configuration at a distance of more than 15 000 km at a speed of 0.855 M. In December 2018 it was ordered 154 copies of the Boeing 747-8 (36 passenger cars, 107 trucks and 11 VIP versions).
Soviet long-range heavy transport aircraft of the 4th generation OKB Antonov design. Total in the construction of aircraft brought more than a hundred companies throughout the USSR.
For the first time in the USSR was developed and then implemented the complex target program aims to improve all components of aircraft efficiency: the aerodynamic characteristics of the strength and service life, the weight of perfection, the specific characteristics of the power plant, the functionality of the systems and equipment-maintenance and repair and other. 540 different aircraft configurations were analyzed using the computer, in wind tunnels purged 185 different models.
Roll-out of the aircraft took place October 24, 1982, began ground testing systems and jogging. The first flight was scheduled for December 24, 1982. At the end of 1984 on the test came out of the second aircraft built for the number 01-03. This machine is used for the safety assessment for different faults.
December 30, 1992 on the civilian version of the AN-124-100 obtained certificate of airworthiness. A total of 56 machines were built, including one prototype for static ground tests. Capacity — 120 000 kg, length — 69.1 m, wingspan — 73.3 m.