Komodo Island is located in the heart of the Indonesian archipelago. This place is home to unique and the largest lizards in the world — the Komodo dragons .
We in Indonesia . Komodo island is relatively small, its area is about 390 square kilometers Almost the entire territory it occupies the Komodo National Park, created in 1980 to protect the Komodo monitor lizards. The coastline is indented as if the rocky headlands, clearly have a volcanic origin:
Nature here is unique. Practically, all over the arid savannah stretches.
You can get here from the island of Bali’s tourist on just such devices:
In general, the Komodo — an island frequented by cruise ships from around the world:
Here it is necessary to get here because of this unique miracle of nature — the Komodo dragon ! This causes horror, deadly lizard lives on the island. This is his house.
So, Komodo dragons — giant lizards, reaching 3 meters in length and weighing up to 150 kg! The natural lifespan of monitor lizards in nature, perhaps, is about 50 years.
Pretty boy. Dragons of Komodo island eat a wide variety of animals. Their victims are fish, sea turtles, wild boar, water buffalo, deer and reptiles. Also recorded numerous cases of attacks on humans.
At first glance, these lizards seem to be very slow and leisurely. However, when running at short distances monitor capable of speeds up to 20 km / h. The relatively large prey they hunt from ambush, sometimes knocking the victim down blows powerful tail, often breaking at the same time her legs.
Monitor lizards are on the top of the food chain of the island. And it is their sacrifice — deer:
Poisonous reptile teeth there, but their bite is often fatal. Tracked down in the bushes deer, wild boar and other large prey, lizard attacks and seeks to put the animal laceration, which is stored a lot of bacteria from the oral cavity. As a result of such an attack the victim’s blood poisoning occurs, the animal gradually weakens and soon dies. Komodo dragons island can only follow the victim and wait for it to die.
Tourists and lizards do not share any fence with barbed wire or some pit, nothing to inspire confidence in security. Groups of tourists are usually accompanied by rangers, armed for defense against possible attacks of dragons with long poles with a forked end.
As shelters lizards use burrows 1-5 meters in length, which they dig with their powerful legs with claws.
Komodo dragon are less dangerous to humans than sharks or crocodiles. However, the number of deaths due to delays in the provision of medical care after bites (and, as a result of blood poisoning) reaches 99%!
To get food, at an altitude of, lizard can get up on his hind legs, using its tail as a support. Dragons Komodo good climbers and spend much time in the trees.
The island Komodo has approximately 1700 lizards. On the neighboring island of Rinca — about 1200 individuals. According to scientists, the birthplace of Komodo lizards should be considered Australia.
In Komodo lizards widespread cannibalism: adult lizards often eat smaller animals. Therefore, as soon as the young are born, they immediately instinctively scramble up a tree, seeking shelter there:
On the island is home to about 2000 people. Almost all working-age population are employed in the service of Komodo National Park, was organized in 1980.
Komodo dragon — a unique animal that is under threat of extinction due to human activity. It is listed as endangered.
Komodo dragon island — the largest lizard of the world fauna.