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Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Some time ago a group of scientists and intrepid explorers set foot on the shores of the lake of boiling lava in the depths of the crater of the volcano Nyiragongo, located in the heart of the African Great Lakes region. The team wanted to walk along the shore of the biggest lake of lava in the world . Photographer Olivier Grunewald was a meter away from the lake, which makes us enjoy a unique view of the molten material.

In December 2010, we have already shown exciting surreal photos of famous French photographer from the crater of the volcano Ijen Kawaha , located in East Java, Indonesia.

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Volcanic gases near the expedition camp. Often he had to sleep in protective masks. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

This is the view from the edge of the volcano, 3470 meters above sea level. At a depth of about 400 meters there is a lake of lava — one of the wonders of the African continent . (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Lava lake in Nyiragongo volcano is the largest in the world . It is estimated that it contains approximately 8 million. Cubic meters of lava. The he broke through the crater and destroyed most of the city of Goma in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1977 and 2002. The lava lake. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

On the surface of the lake gas bubbles explode. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Lava lake often crowded, but that did not stop members of the expedition. Where else can you wander along the banks of the lake and see the like? (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Nyiragongo volcano is one of the eight most dangerous volcanoes in the world, the lava can flow out of it at a speed of 40 km / h. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

At the beginning of the descent to the second ledge most dangerous falling rocks. Gaza too often blinded climbers. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Members of the expedition had to carry with about 600 kilograms of equipment, and supply of food and water, enough for two days. The base camp is located at an altitude of 120 meters above the lava lake. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Before this expedition was a long 4 months of training. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Climber and veteran trips to Nyiragongo Jacques Barthelemy using rope pulls the second projection equipment:

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcanoMeasurement of the lava lake sizes:

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

With this tube takes volcanist gas sample for study volcanic activity:

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

The hot gas is condensed in a small container. Scientists say that this is a vital step needed to predict future volcanic eruptions:

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Night. The camp is illuminated lava lake:

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

The aim of the expedition is to reach the edge of the lava lake. Previously, this has not been done. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

This member of the team on the radio transmits data about the activity of the lava lake and the direction of gas:

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcanoThe task includes climbers find the best places for the descent. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Scientific gas collects at the bottom of the crater. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

The explosion of gas bubbles on the surface of the lava lake. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

One of the researchers coming to the lava. For such trips the wind should blow from behind, placing forward heat. Other team members are constantly reported to him on the radio about the changes in wind direction. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Mark Callets the first member of the team managed to reach the edge of the lake. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Photographer Olivier Grunewald prepares insulation for your photographic equipment to protect it from temperatures that can reach 1300 degrees. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

Approaching 8 million. Cubic meters of lava, you need a good defense. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

In such a suit with limited visibility, Olivier Grunwald reported on the radio, how best to go and where to put his feet. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

The first close-up of the lava lake. Photographer Olivier Grunewald: «I was so stunned by the sight of the lava surface, which ceased to feel the heat of time and … suddenly I was told on the radio that it was time to go back, lava activity began to appear too close.» (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

The main risk is a part of the overflow of the lake. Members of the team with the second protrusion on the radio warned of the threat of lava movement. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

At dawn light it becomes magic but lava gases may envelop the crater bottom in seconds. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano

At the beginning of the night it happened overflow. Year after year, the lava reaches the edges of the crater wall until it breaks through and begins eruption. The aim of the expedition is to collect data to be able to anticipate such events and to prevent disasters on earth. (Photo by Olivier Grunewal):

Journey to the Center of the Earth: the crater of Nyiragongo volcano