We go to the National Park, Joshua Tree , located at 266 kilometers from Los Angeles. Here colorful desert cholla cactus unforgettable and delightful Joshua trees .
Joshua Tree looks like something between a palm tree and a cactus. California Mormon believed that these surprising branches of trees, a first sticking bizarre angles to the trunks and then rising as a plea, up, similar to prophetic guideposts. It is they who very aptly termed these trees in honor of the prophet Joshua.
The name of the park derives from the abundance grows here Joshua tree from the family of yucca:
Joshua Tree National Park — is a tourist’s dream, with its mild winter climate, interesting rock formations, plants and wild animals.
The park is one of the most popular places for climbing: there are more than 4500 routes of varying difficulty:
Around Joshua trees. Native Americans once wove baskets and sandals from the leaves of the trees:
There are other plants in the park. For example, it is an interesting creature that resets all the leaves in the dry season — it helps him to reduce moisture loss. In the rainy season Ocotillo or Fouqueure brilliant — so the name of this plant — just ramping up new foliage:
Flowering Fouqueure brilliant start at the end of the winter rainy season. Tubular bright red flowers, they are engaged in pollination bees, hummingbirds and other small birds:
Also, there are common cactus cholla :
These cactus gardens:
Cholla — a term applied to a variety of cacti, this kind of cylindrical stems:
Near and under certain lighting cactus cholla like teddy bears:
Another thorny inhabitant of these places — prickly pear cactus :
Sunset in National Park, Joshua Tree :
In Joshua Park comes the night … And it’s a natural arch of rock:
We’re going back to the most unusual inhabitant of the park — Joshua Tree:
Night whimsical Joshua trees look particularly mysterious:
The trees reach a height of 9 meters and is home to approximately 1000 years. Total park grows about 700 species of plants, including about a dozen species of cacti.
Night. Natural arch of rock:
Teddy bear cholla cactus at sunrise:
Dead Joshua Tree. These trees do not have the usual growth rings visible in the cross saw cut the trunk, so it is very difficult to determine their age. A rough estimate can be made based on the fact that Joshua tree grows about 1 cm per year:
In 1994, President Clinton gave «Joshua Tree» national park. Being in close proximity to Los Angeles, the park, of course, quickly gained immense popularity. Nevertheless, tourists impact on the environment is limited to 75% of the area declared a zone free of human presence. Joshua Tree National Park is, above all, the desert park. It is located at the meeting point of two great deserts of North America — the Mojave Desert and Sonoran deserts.
The park has an extensive network of hiking and equestrian trails total about 100 km long and attracts a large number of fans of walking, horse riding. Every year the park is visited by 1.25 million. Man.
However, this area is quite wild and not reclaimed within the park no hotels or gas stations, museums, restaurants, souvenir shops, as in many other US national parks. All local infrastructure is in tent sites, paved and unpaved roads and equestrian hiking trails.
Blooming desert — an unforgettable sight, but to see it, you need perfect planning and sense of time. Every time spring showers will become frequent enough in the desert erupts fire flowers: Flowers Ocotillo, desert lavender, indigo bush, sand verbena, primrose.
The park has five oases, which are the real bird’s cities. Spring bird migration flows bring birds here on the other side of the Pacific Ocean. The largest oasis — Oasis Lost Palms.
Together with the Moon:
Call korotkolistuyu yucca «tree» is not entirely correct, although it is carefully disguised as a tree. The trunk of the plant is made up of millions of fibers and more like home aloe barrel.
Once in the soil, Joshua tree seeds are growing rapidly, and — down. First, the plant develops deep roots — up to 11 meters to get to the water, in fact receives only half a cup per meter of rainfall in the desert in a year.
The leaves resemble small sharp daggers. The leaves grow on the «branches» clearly in a spiral. Flowers and fruits of the tree are quite edible — at least, so think local Indians …