Mono Lake is one of the most beautiful in California . This is a land of contrasts beautiful, where the desert meets the snow-capped mountain peaks. Fabulous tuff columns rise from the huge salt lake.
Mono Lake is located in the east central California.
Some figures. Mono Lake lies at an altitude of 1945 meters above sea level. The area around Mono Lake — 155 square kilometers, more than age — 700,000 years. Average depth — 43 meters.
Mono Lake is almost 3 times the Salt Sea.
The largest lake island — Pahoa rose among the lake as a result of the outpouring of light volcanic magma in the 18th century.
Negit — the second largest island, which arose 2000 years ago, also owes its appearance of volcanic processes. As a result of the shallowing of Mono Lake in the middle of the 20th century, Negit became a peninsula. Satellite view of the lake:
Tower rising above the water — it’s tufa. This breed gradually accumulated over the source of fresh water, on the lake bottom, rich in calcium, which is mixed with lake water containing potassium carbonate and sodium. Columns tuff stopped growing when the water subsided, and their vertex risen above the surface.
Tufa towers on a background of mountain peaks:
Near the shore hitting the hot springs, and in the southern part of the lake is full of porous rock blackened confirming the volcanic terrain.
The lake is fed by freshwater springs and melting mountain snow. His obligation to the Salt Lake salts and minerals dissolved in water for thousands of years.
In 1941, the water in the lake has fallen by nearly 12 meters. This happened because four of the seven mountain rivers feeding the lake were designed to supply Los Angeles, located in 443 km to the south. Mono Lake because it was deprived of more than half of water. The lake water level dropped, and it became even saltier.
Due to the high salinity of the lake Mono does not live fish, its attempt was not successful resettlement. At the same time in its waters in large quantities are found crustaceans, which are the most important element of power inhabiting the lake birds. On the shores of Mono nest up to 2 million birds not less than 35 species:
Among the birds should be called the American avocet and lapwing; In addition, black-necked grebe, American snipe and other birds use the lake for recreation during the annual migration to winter in tropical regions.
Another satellite view of the lake and mountains:
The entire chain of natural food Mono Lake wildlife is based on the single-celled algae, crustaceans used in food.
In 2009, NASA scientists have discovered a microorganism in Mono Lake, which can exist in a toxic environment. Mono Lake was chosen for study because of its unusual chemical composition of water: it is a high level of salt content, alkalis and arsenic due to the fact that the lake is isolated from the inflow of fresh water for 50 years.
Mono Lake in winter:
Lake captivates stunning scenery of indescribable beauty and tufa columns: