Obsolete things sooner or later fall into the dustbin. Some of them are recycled and given new life, but more often they simply rot and rust. About the most impressive clusters of unnecessary things will be discussed in this collection.
Source: National Geographic
1. cemetery aeronautical engineering
What to do with the old Air Force equipment? This question America decided to just — you need to hide it in the desert. In other words, warplanes dumped on the air base Davis-Monthan Air Force Base in Tucson, Arizona.
A place for the largest US fleet unnecessary aircraft was not chosen by chance. Firstly, dry climate prevents metal corrosion. Secondly, hard soil layer allows you to place the aircraft on the ground, not on asphalt parking lots, it is cheaper. If you look at this parking «iron bird» from a height or on Google Earth images, you can see the intricate pattern that resembles a cross embroidered cloth. Instead of crosses — about 4,400 aircraft, helicopters and space applications devices. As a fabric — an area of over 6500 hectares, which is called Boneyard, which translated into Russian means «the graveyard of aviation technology.»
Airbase officially referred to as «309-I group on maintenance and repair of aerospace.» One of its functions — saving technique that used the US Air Force for 67 years. Some aircraft are «under the care» of national museums and the rest of the equipment dismantled in detail, destroy or sell to other countries. There are at the airbase and military aircraft, which can be re-commissioned. For example, over the past 25 years, about one-fifth of the aircraft stationed at the cemetery aircraft, rose again in the sky. The cost of these «exhibits» is more than $ 37 billion.
2. «Cemetery» locomotives
Near the Salar de Uyuni is no less popular place, which is called «Cementerio de Trenes».
This cemetery locomotives recalls once a busy railway line passes through the Uyuni. Construction of the railway began in 1888, and when it was over, it became an important corridor between the Andes and the Pacific ports.
However, in the 1940s, the railroad stopped using. Older locomotives are gradually accumulated in the city, resulting in the present iron cemetery was formed. And locomotives continue to slowly disintegrate under the influence of the hot sun and rain on this day.
3. Dump of tires
In many European countries it is forbidden by law to throw out worn tires. What to do with them, if the number of used car shoes in the UK alone each year is about 55 million? In the EU, it was decided to send old tires for recycling (annually about 480,000 tons of used tires finds a new life).
However, not all over the world act in a similar manner. For example, in Kuwait old tires stored near the town Sulaybiya. On this dump for a long time tires were brought from neighboring countries, and the pit quickly filled garbage. Today, at this dump of more than 7 million tires.
4. tehno-garbage dump
In recent years, few people pay to the service center in case of breakage mobile phone or laptop — often easier (and sometimes cheaper) to buy a new one. For this reason, it produces about 50 million tons of garbage eklektronnogo in the world per year. Its processing costs a lot of money, so some states tehno-garbage sent to developing countries.
A significant part of electronics waste falls into China. According to the UN, about 70% of electronic waste is on the world’s largest landfill tehno-garbage, which is located in the town of Guiyu in Guangdong Province. Many working people to dump hazardous waste sorted out by hand. Their main task is to find as much precious metal as possible, which have been used for the manufacture of various electronic equipment.
To separate the valuable metal, plastic shell fired appliances. Every day in this dump poisonous burn about a hundred fires, which is why many people working in this place, suffering from pulmonary diseases. Furthermore, after cleaning ferrous metals toxic acid enters the river flowing close Lianzhan. According to the data of Greenpeace, there is so much acid that it corrodes a coin in just two hours.
5. «Cemetery» warships
At Ras Nouadhibou peninsula is the city of Nouadhibou, the second largest in Mauritania. Previously, he has thrived due to fishing, but today its coastline has one of the world’s largest ships landfills. It was founded on the site of a cargo port, built in the 1960s.
However, 20 years later the business was in decline, and the government was engaged in mining of iron ore. Ships, in turn, were thrown into the harbor. Over the past 30 years we were brought here as ships from Africa and Europe. Today it rusts more than 300 ships. Recently, however, the European Union announced its intention to fund the program for the clearing of the Gulf of rusty ships and their processing.
6. Dump booths
In the city of Newark in Nottinghamshire County from all over Britain dumped rusty and broken payphones. The company’s stock X2 Connect, which specializes in telecommunications, is more than 150 old phone booths. Among the «exhibits» are even rare 85-year-old samples. If the booth is subject to repair, refurbish and resell it.
Wanting to buy a «piece» of Great Britain much: only in the waiting list of about 500 people. Some people like to keep a 750-kilogram booth in his garden, for some, it serves as a decoration in the restaurant, and someone turned it into a walk-in shower. Renovated red K6 telephone box (booth №6) worth 2250 pounds. This is the most common model of pay phones, which later became an essential symbol of the United Kingdom.